Climate change threatens food security

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Climate change threatens food security

The Blended Training of Trainers on Climate Field School for Colombo Plan Member Countries event in Jakarta, Monday (July 10, 2023). (ANTARA/HO-BMKG)

Jakarta (ANTARA) - Climate change can pose risks to food security, according to Head of the Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) Dwikorita Karnawati.

"The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has predicted that the world might potentially face famine in 2050, as a consequence of crop harvest failure due to climate change," she noted in her statement on Tuesday.

At the "Blended Training of Trainers on Climate Field School for Colombo Plan Member Countries" on Monday (July 10), Karnawati remarked that mitigation and adaptation efforts against climate change should focus on three aspects: society, economy, and ecosystem. "Strategic efforts need to be carried out to prevent more fatal risks," she stated.

Karnawati noted that all countries worldwide were experiencing climate change at varying levels, such as extreme weather, natural disasters, water crisis, and loss of biodiversity.

The agency head emphasized the need for all countries to boost mitigation actions against climate change. According to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) report, she pointed out that 2022 was the sixth-warmest year to have ever been recorded.

The years from 2015 to 2022 were the eighth warmest, according to WMO's records. Meanwhile, Indonesia's average surface temperature in 2022 was recorded at 0.9 degrees Celsius higher as compared to the 1981-2010 period, according to the monitoring of 91 BMKG stations across Indonesia.

This proves that the rise in temperature occurs locally and globally. Karnawati affirmed that global warming triggers changes in seasonal patterns and air temperatures that can increase the frequency, duration, and intensity of hydrometeorological disasters.

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The agency head cited as an example that extremely dry conditions triggered forest and land fires that release carbon emissions and particulates into the air."BMKG keeps carrying out mitigation actions and adapting to climate change. In the agricultural sector, the BMKG routinely holds climate field schools targeting extension workers and farmers. This step is to strengthen their weather and climate literacy," she stated.